Installation Drug Testing Terminology
This terminology is being provided to quickly assist you if you need a definition.
Army Substance Abuse Program (ASAP): A personnel program that includes prevention, identification, education and rehabilitation services. The program includes nonresidential and partial inpatient care program. ASAP is responsive to the chain of command and supports the morale, safety and combat readiness of the Army.
Army Substance Abuse Program Records: Forms, records or other documents required by this regulation. This includes an information, whether recorded or not, relating to a patient or client which is received or client which is received or acquired in connection with any function of the ASAP, including evaluation for possible enrollment in the ASAP. Creation or maintenance of alcohol or other drug abuse records that would identify an individual as client/patient of the ASAP, other than as required by this regulation, are prohibited.
Air Blank: A reading by an evidential breath test of ambient air containing no alcohol.
Alcohol Abuse: Any irresponsible use of an alcoholic beverage which leads to misconduct, unacceptable social behavior, or impairment of an individual's performance of duty, physical or mental health, financial responsibility or personal relationships.
Alcohol Level: The alcohol in a volume of breath expressed in terms of grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath as indicated by an evidential breath test. For example, a breath alcohol concentration of 0.04 means 0.04 grams (four one-hundredths of one gram) of alcohol in 210 liters of expired deep lung air.
Alcoholism: A treatable, progressive condition or illness characterized by excessive consumption of alcohol to the extent that the individual's physical and mental health, personal relationships, social conduct, or job performances are impaired.
Alcohol and Drug Control Officer (ADCO): The person having staff responsibility for implementing, operating and monitoring the ASAP at MACOM, installation, or major tenant unit level.
Chain of Custody: Procedures to account for the integrity of each urine specimen or aliquot, by tracking, handling and storing from point of specimen collection to the final disposition of the specimen. Documentation of this process must include the date and purpose each time a specimen or aliquot is handled or transferred and identification of each individual in the chain of custody.
Confirmation: The process of using a second analytical procedure to identify the presence of a specific drug or metabolite that is independent of the initial test and which uses a different technique and chemical principle from that of the initial test in order to ensure reliability and accuracy.
Drug Abuse: The use or possession of controlled substances, or illegal drugs, or the nonmedical or improper use of other drugs (for example, prescription and over the counter and so forth) that are packaged with a recommended safe dosage. That includes the use of substances for other than their intended use (for example, glue and gasoline fume sniffing or steroid use for other than that which is specifically prescribed by competent medical authority).
Evidential Breath Testing (EBT) Device: A device approved by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for the evidential testing of breath and placed on NHTSA's "Conforming Products List (CPL) of Evidential Breath Measurement Devices."
Enrollment: The formal action taken by an ASAP clinician, in consultation with the commander, to enter a soldier into the Army Substance Abuse Program.
Family Member: Spouse or minor children of a soldier, or a Department of the Army civilian employee. Use of term in this forum is intended to include only persons eligible for Army Substance Abuse services by law or regulation.
Follow-up Testing: Unannounced testing which may be administered during counseling or rehabilitation. It is not to be confused with testing, which is undertaken as part of rehabilitation or counseling (that is, rehabilitation testing). Only verified results of follow-up testing may be used to support an adverse action.
Forensic: Suitable for a court of law, public debate or argument.
Initial Test: A screening test to identify those specimens that are negative for the presence of drugs or their metabolites. When negative, these specimens need no further examination and need not undergo a more costly confirmation test.
Installation Breath Alcohol Technician (BAT): An individual who instructs and assists employees/applicants in the alcohol testing process and operates an evidential breath test device.
Limited Use: Protection from the use of certain information, determined to be confidential by Federal regulations, to support disciplinary action under the UCMJ or administrative separation with a less than honorable discharge.
Medical Evaluation: Examination of an individual by a physician to determine whether there is evidence of alcohol or other drug abuse or dependency.
Medical Review Officer: A licensed physician responsible for receiving laboratory results generated from a drug test who has knowledge of substance abuse disorders and has appropriate medical training to interpret and evaluate employees/applicant's confirmed positive test results together with their medical histories and any other relevant biomedical information.
Prevention Procedures: Those actions designed to increase the likelihood that individuals will make responsible decisions regarding the use of alcohol or other drugs. Those actions taken to eliminate, to the extent possible, abuse or misuse of alcohol or other drugs.
Random Testing: Testing which occurs without suspicion that a particular individual is using illegal drugs.
Reasonable Suspicion: An articulable belief that an employee uses illegal drugs or misuses alcohol from specific and particularized facts and reasonable inferences from those facts.
Rehabilitation Team: A coordinating group consisting of the soldier, the unit commander and/or First Sergeant, the ASAP clinical staff and other appropriate personnel as required (for example, clinical director, chaplain, physician and so forth). The team reviews all pertinent information about the soldier and recommends to the commander when rehabilitation is required. It selects the appropriate rehabilitation track and assists the commander in setting standards of behavior and goals for evaluation of the soldier's progress in rehabilitation.
Sensitive Position: Any position within Department of the Army in which the occupant could cause, by virtue of the nature of the position, a materially adverse effect on the national security.
Employee Assistance Program Short-Term Counseling: The process whereby the Employee Assistance Program Coordinator provides short-term guidance, advice, education and medication to civilian employees towards resolution of employee problems and issues.
Split Specimen: An additional specimen collected with the original specimen to be tested in the event the original specimen tests positive.
Testing Designated Position (TDP) employee: A Department of the Army employee who holds a position identified by the Army as having critical safety or security responsibilities related to the Army mission.